Some confusing vocabulary

Cloth is a countable noun. The plural form is cloths; 1 cloth, 2 cloths. Cloth has basically 2 meanings. The first is a small towel or rag. In your bathroom, you probably have a washcloth that is used for washing your face. A washcloth is generally a small, square towel. I have also heard the wordfacecloth, but think in American English the word washcloth is more commonly used.

  • Get a cloth and wipe the table please.
  • I always use a washcloth in the morning.
  • I have a special cloth to clean my eyeglasses.

The word cloth also means material. Cloth is the material or fabric which is used to make clothes:

  • His suit is made of fine cloth from Italy.
  • I love this cloth. I think I will use it for my school project.
  • Mood is a famous cloth store in NYC!

Clothes is an uncountable noun, it is not the plural form of clothClothes means the items worn on the body.

  • She always wears very nice clothes and looks stylish.
  • Sanae likes to buy clothes at Anthropology.
  • Our company CEO wears custom made clothes.

Wear is also an uncountable noun. However, as a noun, wear is only used with a modifier or descriptive word before it. As a noun, wear is never used alone. So for example, you can say, “You have niceclothes” but not, “You have nice wear:”

  • They sell formal wear and suites at that shop on Madison Ave.
  • Children’s wear is on the third floor of this department store.
  • I bought tennis wear and a racket, so I am ready to play!

5 everyday verbs

Put on is an action verb. Put on shows the action of putting clothes on your body. You put on everything: Put on shoes, put on a hat, put on makeup, etc.

  • put on an old pair of jeans this morning.
  • put on my hat before leaving the house.
  • Jack said he put on pajamas when he got home and went right to bed.

Wear is a stative verb. Wear shows the state or condition or situation of having clothes on your body.

  • Previously, I wore a suit to work every day
  • Do you like to wear boots?
  • I think Jenny wears too much makeup.

Take off is an action verb. Take off shows the action of removing clothes from your body. Like put on, you take off everything: Take off shoes, take off a hat, take off makeup, etc.

  • take off my work clothes and put on sweatpants
  • Please take off your shoes when you enter the house.
  • Jack said he took off his suit when he got home.

Get dressed is an action verb and means to dress. In American English, get dressed is more common than to dress, but the meaning is the same:

  • I usually get dressed for work after breakfast. It means, I usually dress for work after breakfast.
  • Hurry up and get dressed, we have to leave in fifteen minutes.
  • It generally takes her an hour to get dressed and leave the house!

Get changed is an action verb and means to change your clothes.

  • When I get home from work, I get changed.
  • The nurse gets changed when she reaches the hospital.
  • I want to get changed and relax!

Line

In American English, when we talk about a row of people waiting their turn to do something, we use the word line. If you’ve studied British English, you are probably familiar with the term, queue. However, we don’t use queue in American English. The beginning of the line is the front of the line, and we also say the middle of the line and the end of the line:

  • I was lucky because we got to the front of the line.
  • Bob said he is standing in the middle of the line and it just started moving.
  • The teacher told the misbehaving child to go to the end of the line.

We use be on line to mean many people standing in a row waiting their turn:

  • Even though I got there an hour early, a lot of people were on line.
  • I was on line at the bank for twenty minutes this morning.
  • Excuse me, are you on line?

We also use wait on line to mean many people standing in a row waiting their turn and to emphasize the fact that they are waiting:

  • Even though I got there an hour early, a lot of people were waiting on line.
  • I was waiting on line at the bank for twenty minutes this morning.
  • Excuse me, are you waiting on line?

We use get on line to mean to join others who are on line waiting their turn:

  • got on line and started talking to the guy standing in front of me.
  • If you want to renew your driver’s license, please get on line at Window 4.
  • There is no shortcut to enter the theater. You just need to get on line.

We also use line up to start or being a line:

  • I heard people started lining up at noon!
  • The teacher told the children to line up next to the classroom door.
  • All first class passengers may now line up at Gate 5.

We use cut the line to mean a person or people enter the line from a position other than the end of the line.

  • I think it is rude to cut the line.
  • I hate it when people cut the line of the escalator at the train station.
  • If you cut the line you will be sent to the back of the line.

Agree

We use agree with + a person, idea, or situation:

  • I usually agree with my boss.
  • Jack agreed with my idea of revising our catalog.
  • I don’t agree with allowing professional athletes participate in the Olympics.

We use agree to + verb:

  • I never agreed to fix Jim’s computer. He must be mistaken.
  • We agreed to lower the commission rate for just one month for that client.
  • Thanks for agreeing to become a member of this website!

Lastly, we use agree on + an idea or situation. The grammar is agree on + noun / gerund:

  • Can we agree on meeting again next week at the same time?
  • I hope you can agree on the terms of this contract.
  • The CEO finally agreed on the budget for next year.

How come

We use how come in place of why in a conversation. Here are some examples:

  • George: I can’t go to Elaine’s party tomorrow.
  • Jerry: How come?
  • George: Because I have to work late.

Here’s another example:

  • Dan: Would you like some more coffee?
  • Jenny: No thanks. I’m trying to cut down.
  • Dan: How come?
  • Jenny: Because my doctor said too much coffee is not good for my stomach.

We also use how come in place of why in a question. The English grammar for a usual why question is Why + is/are/do/does (etc) + subject + verb/object. The grammar pattern with how come is easy. Just use how come + sentence. Have a look at these examples:

  • Why is George late?
  • How come George is late?
  • Why did Jack miss the party?
  • How come Jack missed the party?
  • Why are you going there?
  • How come you are going there?

Phrases with the verb GO

Here are 10 useful phrases that start with the verb Go

go after: To hunt or pursue

  • Jack went after the big jackpot in Las Vegas.
  • I told Jim he should go after Jen if he really likes her.

go ahead: To proceed without hesitation or delay. To go before the rest of the group does. To do something with one’s own initiative.

  • The marketing campaign will go ahead as scheduled.
  • I have a few more calls to make. You go ahead to the restaurant. I’ll meet you there in 30 minutes.
  • went ahead and ordered pizza for us for lunch.

go along with: To do something with the agreement of a person or a group.

  • The CEO went along with our plan to open a branch office in Madrid.
  • The last time we went along with Dan’s idea, the company lost a lot of money.

go around: To circulate or spread about

  • You need to take care in the cold weather. The flu is going around.
  • A rumor is going around about Steve is quitting his job. Is it true?

go back on: To reverse one’s promise or decision

  • Tom went back on his promise to pay for dinner.
  • We all love Mike. He never goes back on his word.

go by: To conform to or obey

  • When the café makes coffee drinks, they go by the manual.
  • We always go by whatever the boss tells us to do.

go far: To succeed in one’s career.

  • If you work hard and follow the company rules, you’ll go far.
  • Don went far in the company, but decided to quit and start his own business.

go for: To choose or select or prefer.

  • What are you going to order? I’m going to go for a burger.
  • I was thinking about getting a blue car, but I went for the red one.

go halves on: to divide or share something equally.

  • Let’s go halves on a pizza. I’m hungry.
  • We went halves on a lottery ticket, but we didn’t win.

go off: To begin ringing or making a sound (for an alarm or warning signal)

  • My alarm clock goes off at 6:15 every morning.
  • The smoke alarm went off in the kitchen when I cooked breakfast.

English idiom

To put one’s foot in one’s mouth

Here are some examples on how to use this common English idiom:

  • put my foot in my mouth when I forgot Bob’s wife’s name.
  • Jack put his foot in his mouth at the party. Why did he get so drunk?
  • It’s easy to put your foot in your mouth when you practice a new language.